Mushrooms are plants that do not have chlorophyll so they are heterotrophic. Mushrooms can grow by conducting symbiotic mutualism and habitat in various environments. Although most mushrooms live on land, some fungi also live in water. The following article about the benefits of mushrooms for health.
The Origin of Mushrooms
Already since Roman age, mushrooms were not only popular in Europe, but also in America. Around 1650, a melon farmer near Paris discovered a fungus that had grown on the fertilizer he had developed. Then he introduced the mushroom in Paris restaurants and at that time the mushroom was given the nickname ‘Paris mushroom’.
Then, French gardeners, Chambry, found the cool and humid environment that was right for mushroom cultivation, after which large-scale mushroom cultivation was developed in caves around Paris.
Mushrooms were first cultivated in Asia around the year 600. In Europe, it was introduced in the 17th century and was introduced to the Netherlands for the first time in the early 19th century. In the early years, mushrooms were still very exclusive and only available for the upper middle class.
After 1950, various regions in the Netherlands began to specialize in mushroom cultivation. In the past 50 years, the Netherlands has grown into the largest mushroom production country in the European Union, with an annual production of 270 million kilograms.
At the world level, China is the first producer with 70% of world production. Because of the many nutrients in the fungus, millions of tons of mushrooms have been cultivated throughout the world. Here are some health benefits of mushrooms.
Here are various wonders of mushrooms that are very beneficial for the human body
1. Lower cholesterol
Mushrooms contain very low fat and carbohydrate proteins. The protein content helps burn cholesterol when ingested. Then certain fibers and enzymes found in mushrooms also help reduce cholesterol levels.
2. Prevent anemia
Anemia is a bloodless disease characterized by low iron in the blood which causes fatigue, headaches, decreased nerve function, and digestive problems. Mushrooms are a source of iron and more than 90% of iron can be absorbed by the body which functions in the formation of red blood cells.
3. Prevent breast and prostate cancer
Fungi are very effective in preventing breast and prostate cancer due to the presence of Beta-Glucans and Linoleic Acid, both of which have anti-carcinogenic effects. Linoleic acid is very beneficial in suppressing the harmful effects of excess estrogen because an increase in estrogen is one of the main causes of breast cancer in women after menopause.
While Beta-Glucans will inhibit cancer cell growth in prostate cancer, and many studies have also shown antitumor properties in fungi when applied in the medical world.
4. Treating diabetes
Mushrooms are the ideal food for diabetics. Mushrooms have no fat, cholesterol, are very low in carbohydrates, but are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, water, and fiber. Also, mushrooms also contain natural insulin and enzymes that help break down sugar or starch in food.
Besides that, mushrooms there are also certain compounds that help the function of the liver, pancreas and other endocrine glands, thereby increasing insulin formation and proper regulation throughout the body. Diabetics often suffer from infections, especially on their feet and tend to be for a long time.
Natural antibiotics in fungi can help protect diabetics from painful and potentially life-threatening conditions.
5. Strengthens bones
Mushrooms are also rich in calcium which is an important nutrient in bone formation and strength. Eating mushrooms can reduce the risk of developing diseases such as osteoporosis and can reduce joint pain.
6. Absorbs nutrients
Vitamin D is a vitamin that is relatively rare in vegetables, but vitamin D is contained in mushrooms. Vitamin D is very important to facilitate the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorus.
7. Improve the immune system
Ergothioneine in mushrooms is a powerful antioxidant that is very effective in providing protection from free radicals and enhancing the immune system. Ergothioneine is actually an amino acid containing sulfur, which is a source of antioxidants that can provide a big boost to the immune system.
Then, mushrooms also contain natural antibiotics (similar to penicillin, which is extracted from fungi), which inhibits microbial growth and other fungal infections. These natural antibiotics can stimulate and regulate the immune system, such as helping to heal wounds and prevent the development of infections.
Also, a combination of vitamin A, B-Complex vitamins and vitamin C are found in